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of substances that helps in modulating memory and other important cognitive function. Amongst these modulators include the discovery of corticotropin (ACTH) fragments as well as their analogs. Numerous publications have identified various analogs for human
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t is a very potent nootropic agent that shares similar strength and history with noopept. It was developed and manufactured by a group of researchers in Moscow, Russia primarily to treat patients suffering from brain
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Properties of Semax

26/04/2015 Tags: all

ptide known for its various benefits including its neurogenic, neuroprotective and nootropic effects. This drug is widely used and studied in Russia and is even included in the country’s List of Vital and Essential Drugs.
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p style="text-align: justify;"> IDRA-21 is one of the newer nootropic compounds available in the market today. It is considered as an ampakine stimulant that works as a cognitive and memory enhancer and a potent stimulant.
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y;"> Current treatments for major depressive disorder (MDD) mostly include the use of oral medications to modulate critical neurotransmitters in the brain. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are believed to be the most commonly and
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ration of many other substances that aides not only in improving intellectual performance but also helps in treating several types of neurodegenerative disorders. One of the newer discoveries include 1, 3 Dimethylbutylamine more commonly known
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"text-align: justify;"> Phenibut is a potent nootropic agent that has recently caught the attention of many nootropic users due to its anxiolytic properties. It is thought to enhance the quality of your sleep whilst decrease
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"text-align: justify;"> Phenibut is a GABA derivative developed in Russia during the mid-1960s. It is structured similarly to GABA with a minor structural difference to increase its bioavailability. Phenibut induces relaxation to which some of
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Decrease stress Reduce anxiety Enhance your memory Improve your sleep Promote relaxation Non-sedative What is phenibut? Phenibut is a substance that has mild tranquilizing capabilities and nootropic effects at the same time. It is being
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e functioning. This includes natural nootropic agents, synthetic ones and nootropic substances derived from natural resources. One of those naturally derived smart drugs includes phenibut. Phenibut is a popular nootropic agent known for its ability
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Nootropics Role in ADHD Treatment

23/03/2015 Tags: all

;"> What is ADHD? Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD is a neurobehavioral developmental disorder and one of the most common brain disorders among children. Although ADHD can affect people of different ages, it often
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dine) is also known under different brand names including: Mexidol, Mexicor, Mexiprim, Mexifin and Metaprot. It is produced by Russian company Pharmasoft Pharmaceuticals primarily as an antioxidant although it is not approved for any medical
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developed, it is aggressively penetrating the neuroenhancing drug market due to its purported potent beneficial effects on the human brain. In light of this, this article will provide a closer look on this newly developed
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search and use began. Our innate curiosity and interest in improvement got the better of us bringing about the discovery of many other nootropic agents. Despite this, nobody could not deny the fact that piracetam
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clinical studies revealed that this neuro-enhancing drug may be effective as an anxiolytic and anti-depressant agent. Recent studies also show that it is a promising treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Considering that fasoracetam
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ne to several herbs – all of which are known to improve both physical and intellectual abilities. Interest on synthetic smart drugs further caught up with the discovery of piracetam. Today, piracetam is backed up
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stify;"> Oxiracetam is a nootropic agent more popularly known as an off label cognitive enhancing agent and a mild stimulant. It has been dubbed as five times more active than your typical piracetam in exerting
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elps in promoting brain health, metabolism (fat metabolism), stress tolerance and overall health. Unlike l-carnitine, acetyl l-carnitine is considered as fat soluble. More importantly, it is highly active within the nerves, hence, it is able
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of benefits from neuroprotection, cognitive enhancement, mood regulation to physical ability enhancement. However, more potent ones tend to have side effects. Phenylpiracetam is one of the strongest nootropic compounds available today. It is even said
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ssociated with numerous benefits including improved cognitive functioning, mental energy, attention span, focus, memory and alertness. It was also identified as an AMPAkine drug due to its ability to stimulate AMPA receptors in the brain
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powerful neuro enhancing nootropic substance available in the market today. It has been studied by researchers for the past five decades; hence, it is only apt to say that it is an effective smart drug
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today. Due to its high potency, it was even identified as 60 times more powerful than its original parent compound – piracetam. The cognitive and physical benefits of phenylpiracetam are truly remarkable! Its ability to
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The wonders of Acetyl L-carnitine

06/03/2015 Tags: all

s. It is a vital nutrient critical to improving your body’s capacity to produce and utilize energy within the cells. As sich, it is now able to produce a host of benefits from improved cellular
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en help in improving some of your physical functioning. You may be wondering how these substances are able to exert its effects in your body and mind. Well, most work its magic immediately and efficiently
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ntion, memory, focus, learning capacity, critical thinking skills and many more. The additional motivation, alertness, improved sleep or better moods are just some of the additional perks that most noots offer. However, what if we
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Best oxiracetam stacks

02/03/2015 Tags: all

more potent nootropic compound under the racetam family. It is commonly as a brain boosting agent and an effective study pill. Numerous tests and clinical trials have also shown that it is effective in treating
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clofenoxate is a nootropic drug primarily developed to treat memory problems. It is known to have anti-aging properties protecting the brain from the effects of aging. This potent nootropic agent has been extensively studied for
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bstance is categorized as a eugeroic agent to which it is able to offer many beneficial effects the user minus the undesirable effects often experienced by individuals using stimulants. Adrafinil is a prodrug of modafinil
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ntly being produced in Russia. It belongs to a non-classified family of drugs known as nootropics – non-addictive, non-toxic and non-dangerous drug class. It was first manufactured and retailed by JSC LEKKO Pharmaceuticals during the
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e daytime sleepiness. Lafon however were able to develop modafinil – adrafinil’s metabolite. Many users and primary health physicians have favored modafinil because of its higher potency and lesser side effects. Still, those who are
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Alpha GPC: A great study pill

22/02/2015 Tags: all

66. Choline is an essential nutrient important for maintaining cognitive and physical health. In 1998, it was identified by the US Institute of Medicine as an essential nutrient needed by humans. Our bodies are able
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by ancient Chinese as a very potent remedy. Huperzine A is the byproduct of a series of laboratory processes, hence, it is considered as a synthetic or a highly purified drug that is unlike herbal
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The best noopept stacks

19/02/2015 Tags: all

like the fact that there’s no single pill to excellent health, there’s no single nootropic substance to be considered as the best. Therefore, your best alternative would be to combine various nootropic agents. One way
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ients. Marketing and manufacturing license was obtained by Interneuron for Canada and US in 1992. These rights was obtained by Takeda in 1999. Today, citicoline is available as a supplement for cognitive problems in the
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den, Germany, Norway, Netherlands, and Denmark are recorded to have the greatest caffeine intake across the globe in as much as 300 mgs a day. As a nootropic agent, caffeine works through exciting the central
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p style="text-align: justify;"> Brahmi, water hyssop, Indian penny wort, thyme-leafed gratiola, herb of grace Bacopa monnieri is known as “brahmi” in Ayurvedic  medicine tradition after “Brahma,” the creator in Hindu religion. What is bacopa monnieri?
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Serotonin for weight loss?

13/02/2015 Tags: all

> What is serotonin? Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is created through a biochemical conversion process combining tryptophan hydroxlase and tryptophan. Combining this chemical reactor and protein component forms 5-hydroxyltrytamine or what we commonly known
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p> Dimethylethanolamine (DMEA) Buy Other Cholinergics Nootropics What is DMAE? Dimethylaminoethanol (DMAE) is a compound known to help in improving brain health. It has been the focus if numerous study since the early 1970s for
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What are the cheapest nootropics?

10/02/2015 Tags: all

o;t wanna spend your precious dollars only to know that what you’re getting is not what they say it is, well, you are on the right place! Well, using nootropics can be really expensive. Still,
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a-aminobutyric acid or beta-phenyl GABA 3-phenyl-4-aminobutyric acid 4-amino-3-phenyl-butanoic acid What is phenibut? Phenibut is a derivative of the neurotransmitter GABA (gamma aminobutyric acid). It is first used in Russia and has been studied there extensively.
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Cornelius Gieurgia. Gieurgia derived it from two Greek words “nuos” and “trepein” which means to bend or turn the mind. These supplements are widely used for a variety of purposes. Many individuals in the UK
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Physical properties of alpha GPC

05/02/2015 Tags: all

ain. It is a potent nootropic drug and an excellent addition to your nootropic stack for the improvement of brain health, memory and learning. Click Here To Buy Alpha GPC   Why do we need
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ove our alertness, memory, focus and overall cognitive capabilities. The inception of such discoveries led to the era of nootropics. Nootropics is a term coined by Dr. Corneliu Gieurgia from Romania in the early 1970s.
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All about aniracetam

04/02/2015 Tags: all

e="color: rgb(0, 153, 255);"> What is aniracetam? Aniracetam is an ampakine nootropic agent classified under the racetam class. It  is purported to be more potent than its predecessor, piracetam. Similar to its kind, this particular
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g hooked to including these supplements on their daily health regimen to focus better, to be more productive and to feel smarter. However, did you know that the effects of these smart drugs are not
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fuel the AMPA receptors of the brain. It was initially developed by pharmaceutical company Hoffman-La Roche as a more potent nootropic for piracetam. Due to its ability to stimulate AMPA receptors, aniracetam was later labeled
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How does oxiracetam work?

03/02/2015 Tags: all

predecessor, piracetam, in enhancing memory and learning. It was developed by an Italian drug company and was marketed during the late 1970s. It was distributed throughout Europe even reaching the Japanese market after Ciba-Geigy licensed
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Beneficial effects of sulbutiamine

31/01/2015 Tags: all

to improve the absorption rate of thiamine. Thiamine is an essential vitamin needed to prevent vitamin deficiency and beriberi. Thiamine has the ability to improve your brain functioning. Nonetheless, it does not easily cross the
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rove your brain health, you might have come across Alpha GPC already. Alpha GPC is one of the best sources of choline and despite the availability of numerous products out there, it is one of
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to stay healthy. Women needs to 425 mgs while men needs 550 mgs daily. It is secreted by the body in small amounts, hence, it is critical that we take it from dietary resources for:
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ustify;"> The discovery of sulbutiamine can be traced back to the history of the debilitating vitamin deficiency disease known as beriberi. A Japanese doctor, Takaki Kanehiro first studied beriberi during the late 19 th century.
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All about PRL-8-53

22/01/2015 Tags: all

s and animals. These studies are even conducted by its previous patent holder. Anecdotal evidence from users showed that this chemical is effective in improving sense of well-being, productivity and motivation to work. Still, we
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The different types of nootropics

21/01/2015 Tags: all

e gain are being stored and registered within our brain. However, this information naturally deteriorates as time passes by. In a couple of days, weeks and years, our memories, even the most cherished ones, fades
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ess attention was given on the important role played by the brain on most of our daily activities. Well, you must know that every second of the day, your brain is continuously working and aging
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Properties of Adrafinil

01/01/2015 Tags: all

adrafinil in France during the 70’s. It is one of the most popular nootropic agents that have been used due to its behavioural stimulating effects. Despite producing these stimulating effects, adrafinil is very interesting as
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> Different cognitive disorders such as depression, anxiety and mood problems are increasingly becoming prevalent nowadays. Depression itself is affecting millions of individuals across the globe. This serious cognitive disorder makes the sufferer feels hopeless,
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rn"> Best adaptogens for your nootropic stacks In our search for better results from nootropic use, we have come up with the word “stacking” whereas numerous nootropic agents compatible with each other are combined. Nootropic
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Physical properties of noopept

19/12/2014 Tags: all

ffects. Following piracetam, numerous nootropic agents including noopept were identified. Despite the unprecedented discovery of other nootropic agents, noopept remains to be very popular due to potency and effectiveness. The overwhelming positive feedbacks and raves
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The untold benefits of noopept

26/11/2014 Tags: all

ts with the misuse of this nootropic agent are the sole responsibility of the user. N-phenylacetyl-L-prolyglycine ethyl ester or what we commonly known as NOOPEPT is a nootropic agent under the racetam family. It produces
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>     Noopept is a form of nootropic that closely resembles the structure of most racetams. Technically, noopept is not a racetam for it has no 2-oxypyrrolidine skeleton. However, ithas been grouped under this
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. originally developed memantine in 1968 as a novel class of Alzheimer’s disease treatment medication. This disease is a condition involving neuronal loss on the areas of the brain responsible for important cognitive functions such
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e of Ethylphenidate or any other nootropic agent.   Ethylphenidate is a recently discovered psychostimulant that is very much similar to methylphenidate (Ritalin) – a drug that is frequently used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity
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ate use of Adrafinil or any other nootropic agent.   A French drug company (Lafon) originally developed adrafinil during the 1970s. This nootropic is a synthetic compound and a prodrug of modafinil. Intake of adrafinil
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Five Effects of Poor Nutrition in the Elderly

12/08/2014 Tags: all, guides, science, health

Malnutrition or poor dietary habits are harmful for everyone, but the elderly are especially vulnerable to its negative consequences. Malnutrition involves a deficiency of the main nutritional components, such as protein, carbohydrates, vitamins or minerals.
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Modern medicine is still puzzled by Alzheimer’s disease, and once the diagnosis is clearly formulated and established, doctors can do very little to stop its progression. Alzheimer’s disease is a manifestation of brain degeneration. There
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Whether it be coffee, tea, energy drinks or caffeine tablets , there is no doubt that caffeine is the most widely available and most commonly used psychoactive stimulant in the world. In fact, it has
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First developed in Russia in the early 1980s, Phenylpiracetam is among the more potent and advanced supplements from the racetam family. This nootropic is essentially a phenylated version of the first developed nootropic from the
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Picamilon : A Stimulating Feeling of Calm

27/05/2014 Tags: all, mood

First developed in Russia by the All-Union Vitamins Scientific Research Institute, Picamilon is considered to be among the best nootropic supplements for relieving anxiety, boosting cognitive performance and reducing the effects of aging. In Russia
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First developed in the 1970’s, Pramiracetam is among the more advanced nootropics from the racetam class that provides benefits to several areas of cognitive performance, most notably intelligence. While using Pramiracetam will not instantly make
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Sulbutiamine is a synthetic derivative of thiamine (more commonly known as vitamin B 1 )that was first developed in Japan to counter widespread vitamin deficiencies. Sulbutiamine is classed as a nootropic compound that provides many
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  Sunifiram is among the most recently developed and more advanced nootropic supplements available today. It was first researched as recently as the year 2000, and although it has only been available to the public
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Vinpocetine is a semi-synthetic nootropic that is derived from extracts of the periwinkle plant ( Vinca minor ). First synthesised in 1975, this supplement is used extensively in Eastern Europe for the treatment of cerebrovascular
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Oxiracetam is among the most popular and potent nootropics in the racetam family that is particularly effective for increasing memory, attention and perceived mental energy. It shares similar mechanisms and effects to other racetam nootropics
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Phenibut is a nootropic supplement that is derived from the naturally occurring compound gamma-aminobutyric acid, more commonly known as GABA. This supplement is used by many for its anxiolytic properties which make it useful for
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Noopept is one of the more recently developed and most potent nootropic supplements available today. Being around 1,000 times the strength of Piracetam, it has become popular amongst those seeking to enhance cognitive performance by
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nical scientific research. Not for consumption. As such, all articles and content on this website are strictly for entertainment purposes only. Nefiracetam is among the most recently developed nootropics that is capable of enhancing cognition
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Citicoline: A Versatile Memory and Learning Nootropic Citicoline (also known as CDP choline) is a safe and effective, cognitive enhancing supplement. It is known to enhance cognitive performance as well as contribute to better neuronal
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inical scientific research. Not for consumption. As such, all articles and content on this website are strictly for entertainment purposes only. Centrophenoxine (also known as meclofenoxate) is among the lesser known nootropics. It is structurally
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What is Aniracetam? Aniracetam is one of the most popular nootropic supplements, first developed by the Belgian pharmaceutical company Hoffmann La-Roche. It belongs to the racetam class of supplements much like piracetam, but appears to
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A Beginners Guide to Nootropics

03/04/2014 Tags: all, beginners, guides

What Are Nootropics? Broadly defined, nootropics are substances that have the ability to enhance cognitive performance with few side effects or toxicity issues. There is often some confusion over the terms used to describe these
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The Student Stack: What are the Best Nootropics for Studying?

02/04/2014 Tags: all, students, guides

The Problem with Traditional Stimulants Whether studying before exams, understanding difficult concepts or having to write a lengthy paper with little time, students face a lot of pressure to perform well academically. It is no
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5-Hydroxytroptophan (5-HTP) is an amino acid that is found in a variety of natural sources, most notably, an African climbing plant species known as Griffonia simplicifolia . 5-HTP is involved in a number of important
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Anti-Aging and Neuroprotective Smart Drugs

01/04/2014 Tags: all, science

Our brains are constantly ageing. Even through normal function, the neurons that make up your brain are subject to the build-up toxins, physical damage, chemical changes and premature death. Over time these factors can lead
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Huperzine A

01/04/2014 Tags: all

Huperzine A is a naturally occurring alkaloid that is found in the Chinese club moss plant, Huperzia serrata . This nootropic compound provides a range of cognitive enhancements most notably benefiting memory performance, although improvements
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Smart Drugs for Mood Enhancement

01/04/2014 Tags: all, mood

We can all feel a little low or down from time to time, but for some people these feelings are more regular, persistent, and can severely affect their day to day lives. Anxiety and depression
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Smart Drugs to Promote Restful Sleep

01/04/2014 Tags: all, guides

We all know that a good night’s sleep can help you to feel more energised and productive throughout the next day. Sleep deprivation on the other hand can take a serious toll on your mental
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Conventional Stimulants For years, students and success-driven professionals alike have gotten by using traditional stimulants to study longer, increase productivity and meet deadlines. While this might be adequate for some, such productivity aids can be
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Many nootropics users find it useful to combine more than one type of supplement in what is known as a stack. This allows a user to benefit from a wider range of cognitive enhancements, potentiate
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Tryptophan is among the 22 amino acids that can be found in the human body. It is a vital building block for the synthesis of a variety of proteins and also functions as a precursor
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The Most Common Uses of Nootropics

28/03/2014 Tags: all, guides

The Most Common Uses of Nootropics Nootropics have seen a lot of attention from the media in recent years and for good reason; these scientifically proven supplements can help you improve various aspects of cognition,
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What are Nootropics?

24/03/2014 Tags: all, beginners, guides, science

Nootropics are cognitive enhancers that are neuroprotective or extremely non-toxic. Nootropic Criteria: 1. Enhances learning and memory. 2. Enhance learned behaviours under conditions which are known to disrupt them. Example: hypoxia (oxygen deficiency). 3. Protect
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Nootropics To Fight Disease

24/03/2014 Tags: all, guides, science, health

  Groundbreaking discoveries over the past 20 years have led to a staggeringly complex understanding in the field of neuropharmacology. Now with targeted therapies focusing on precise neurotransmitters systems and well understood receptor subgroups, many
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Noopept - The Latest Nootropic

24/03/2014 Tags: all, beginners, science

One important flagship Nootropic is Noopept. A team funded by Russian pharmaceutical company JSC LEKKO, began studies by simulating brain injury in the laboratory. This allowed scientists to effectively tests different compounds to determine their
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Why Take Nootropics?

24/03/2014 Tags: all, beginners, students, guides

Success in the modern world is a very competitive and fast paced race. There is an increasing need to achieve more and increase your chances of winning. Thousand of people just like you, trying desperately
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How Do They Work?

24/03/2014 Tags: all, beginners, guides, science

There are many different nootropics, explaining the mechanism of action of each individual one would be a very long article. However, there are some general pathways that should be described. Some mechanisms are so new
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Getting Started

24/03/2014 Tags: all, beginners, students, guides

By now you should have gained some working knowledge of nootropics and their qualities and benefits. The first thing to point out is that many nootropics are not going to suddenly make you super-human. After
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